IFSWF Santiago Principles

Santiago Principles Self-Assessment

FSDEA 2022

    Institutional Framework and Governance Structure.
    Principle 6

    6. The governance framework for the SWF should be sound and establish a clear and effective division of roles and responsibilities in order to facilitate accountability and operational independence in the management of the SWF to pursue its objectives.

    In addition to the governance measures mentioned previously, Article 9 of the Organic Statute describes the organizational structure of FSDEA:

    “The Sovereign Wealth Fund of Angola has the following structure:

    Governing Bodies:

    Board of Directors;

    Audit Committee (named by Ministry of Finance);

    Investment Committee 

    Article 19.º of the Organic Statute of Angolan Sovereign Wealth Fund defines the organic structure as follow:

    “The organizational structure of the Sovereign Wealth Fund of Angola and the respective distribution of powers are established by the Board of Directors. 

    7. The owner should set the objectives of the SWF, appoint the members of its governing body(ies) in accordance with clearly defined procedures, and exercise oversight over the SWF’s operations.

    Setting objectives

    Presidential Decree No. 213/19 is the Investment Policy of the Fund.  Article 2 sets FSDEA mandates which comprises: 

    Saving and wealth transfer, Maximization of returns and Fiscal Stabilization for resources specifically allocated for this last purpose. 

    Appointing the governing body

    Per number 3 of Article 10 of the Organic Statute, “The Board of Directors shall be appointed by the President of the Republic for a term of five (5) years, renewable once.”  

    The Audit Committee is appointed by the Minister of Finance, to whom they submit semi-annual reports on the management of the Fund.

    The external auditors shall be appointed annually by the President of the Republic.

    The external auditors shall be obliged to submit copies of the reports thus drawn up to the Minister of Finance and to the Board of Directors

    8. The governing body(ies) should act in the best interests of the SWF, and have a clear mandate and adequate authority and competency to carry out its functions.

    Duties of the Board

    Article 10 of the Organic Statute lays out the extensive duties of the Board of Directors, which is “responsible for all actions required for managing the Fund and carrying out its duties.” The current BoD is composed by members with extensive managerial experience in public and private sector. 

    Authority of the Board

    Per Article 4 of that document, the Board of Directors is “responsible for all actions required for managing the Fund and carrying out its duties” which is implicitly adequate authority to discharge all duties later described in Article 10.

    Furthermore, the Article 2 of the Organic Statute states that FSDEA has administrative, financial and asset autonomy which gives adequate authority to the BoD to carry out its functions. 

    9. The operational management of the SWF should implement the SWF’s strategies in an independent manner and in accordance with clearly defined responsibilities.

    Article 4 of the Regulations (Presidential Decree No. 214/19) states that the Board of Directors is responsible for the management of the Fund and the implementation of the Investment Policy.

    As per Chapter III of the Organic Statute  the Board of Directors approves the organigram which represents delegation of authorities and segregates responsibilities among the divisions. 

    For internal portfolios, the investment management activities are performed and shared among the divisions.  For portfolios managed externally, management supervise and/or  monitors the external asset managers. 

    10. The accountability framework for the SWF’s operations should be clearly defined in the relevant legislation, charter, other constitutive documents, or management agreement.

    Accountability of the Board

    Per Article 8 of the Organic Statute, “the members of the Board of Directors of the Sovereign Wealth Fund of Angola are appointed by the President of the Republic.”  The BoD, as mentioned previously, act with autonomy in carrying out the activities to fulfil its mandate. Regularly, FSDEA submits activity reports to the Ministry of Finance which enables the evaluation of FSDEA performance against the pre-set objectives. So, the Investment Policy, Orgnanic Statute, and Regulations provides an accountability framework. 

    According to Article 6 of the Organic Statute, among the Board’s duties are reporting requirements to the President of Angola (e.g. administrative policies and regulations, annual management report)

    Accountability of the owner:

    The owner (in this case, the President of Angola on behalf of the Angolan State) is himself accountable to the people of Angola.

    11. An annual report and accompanying financial statements on the SWF’s operations and performance should be prepared in a timely fashion and in accordance with recognized international or national accounting standards in a consistent manner.

    Article 19 of Presidential Decree No. 48/11:

    “1. The activity of the Oil Fund and its accounts shall be subject to regular annual audits to be carried out by independent auditors of recognized suitability and competence, who shall report to the President of the Republic on the executed works and respective results, in the form determined by this latter party.

    2. The external auditors shall be appointed on an annual basis by the President of the Republic, who shall set their remuneration.

    3. The external auditors are obliged to submit copies of the reports so drawn up to the Ministry of Finance and Board of Directors.”

    The annual report and the financial statements as soon as the audit is completed are published in the widely circulated newspapers and made available on the FSDEA website.  The annual report will, among others, include information regarding investment performance, risk profile, macroeconomic developments,  and financial statements. 

    12. The SWF’s operations and financial statements should be audited annually in accordance with recognized international or national auditing standards in a consistent manner.

    FSDEA is regularly audited by highly reputed firms in the (big four), currently Deloitte, in line with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).

    13. Professional and ethical standards should be clearly defined and made known to the members of the SWF’s governing body(ies), management, and staff.

    Article 24 of Presidential Decree No. 48/11 states in relevant part that “[t]he staff of the Oil Fund shall be subject to the common legal regime applicable to employees of public companies.”

    The composition of the new board of directors includes professionals with extensive experience in finance and public management. The executive profiles of the members of the board of directors are available on the Fund's website.

    All internal policies are also posted on the Fund's website.

    The Fund also has a Code of Conduct and compliance policies.

    The Fund has a Code of Conduct with four stated objectives:

    Guarantee compliance with the provisions of the law on the respect of professional duties incumbent upon FSDEA, its employees and third parties;

    Ensure compliance with legislation and policies on the prevention of corruption and on anti-money laundering and terrorist financing;

    Ensure that, in addition to complying with the rules and duties arising from the applicable legal and regulatory provisions, the activities of FSDEA shall be performed in accordance with strict ethical and deontological principles;

    Contribute to the promotion an institutional image of rigour, efficiency and competence.

    In addition to the compliance rules and policies to which all employees of the Fund are subject, under the terms of current legislation, members of the board of directors are required to present the declaration of assets at the commencement of their duties to the Public Prosecutor's Office.

    14. Dealing with third parties for the purpose of the SWF’s operational management should be based on economic and financial grounds, and follow clear rules and procedures.

    Presidential Decree No. 213/19 (the Investment Policy) Article 8 empowers the Fund to appoint external managers and implements relevant guidelines.

    Number 2 of Article 4 of the Regulations (Presidential Decree 214/19) empowers the Board to “The Board of Directors is capable to adapt and make investment decisions and to implement all measures necessary for the sound administration and management of the Fund's portfolio, as well as to exercise all rights associated with the assets under its management, including the hiring of third parties, professionally qualified to provide services related to the activities of the Fund.”

    The BoD defines strategic asset allocations that best fit to fulfil the mandates.  Being results maximization and preservation of capital being the main objectives, FSDEA can only operate on economic and financial criteria only. 

    15. SWF operations and activities in host countries should be conducted in compliance with all applicable regulatory and disclosure requirements of the countries in which they operate.

    Article 6 of Presidential Decree n. º 214/19 indicates that the Fund uses certain guidelines in taking investment decisions.

    Align d) of number 2 of Article 6 of the FSDEA Management Regulations states that the following guidelines should be used in companies in which the Fund invests: “Act with business ethics, in compliance with relevant laws and regulations”. So, whichever the jurisdiction FSDEA operates, it must be in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. 

    16. The governance framework and objectives, as well as the manner in which the SWF’s management is operationally independent from the owner, should be publicly disclosed.

    Article 4 of the Regulations (Presidential Decree 214/19) publicly available on the Fund's website, charges the Board of Directors “with executing and implementing the Investment Policy.” The Board of Directors has full discretion with regard to investment decisions and managerial decisions as long as they are within the boundary defined by the applicable regulations (i.e. Investment Policy, etc).  So, in choosing the options to implement its mandate FSDEA does so independently.

    17. Relevant financial information regarding the SWF should be publicly disclosed to demonstrate its economic and financial orientation, so as to contribute to stability in international financial markets and enhance trust in recipient countries.

    Article 27 of Presidential Decree No. 48/11 requires that “the management report and annual financial statements, in conjunction with the opinion of the Audit Committee, after approval by the President of the Republic and, if appropriate, by the Minister of Finance, shall be published in one of the most widely circulated newspapers in Angola.” Additionally, FSDEA uploads these reports on its website. Transparency | Fundo Soberano de Angola

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    Principle 18

    18. The SWF’s investment policy should be clear and consistent with its defined objectives, risk tolerance, and investment strategy, as set by the owner or the governing body(ies), and be based on sound portfolio management principles.

    18.1. The investment policy should guide the SWF’s financial risk exposures and the possible use of leverage.

    18.2. The investment policy should address the extent to which internal and/or external investment managers are used, the range of their activities and authority, and the process by which they are selected and their performance monitored.

    18.3. A description of the investment policy of the SWF should be publicly disclosed.

    FSDEA’s extensive Investment Policy was memorialized in the public Presidential Decree 213/19, including sections on risk and leverage (Article 7) and external managers (Article 8).

    19. The SWF’s investment decisions should aim to maximize risk-adjusted financial returns in a manner consistent with its investment policy, and based on economic and financial grounds.

    19.1. If investment decisions are subject to other than economic and financial considerations, these should be clearly set out in the investment policy and be publicly disclosed.

    19.2. The management of an SWF’s assets should be consistent with what is generally accepted as sound asset management principles.

    FSDEA BoD approves the strategic asset allocation which is designed in consistency with the Investment Policy. The SSA defines the most optimal allocation based on the risk tolerance and the goal of return maximization. The SSA is implemented by external and internal portfolios whose constructions must obey the risk/return considerations. FSDEA investment decisions are strictly governed by economic and financial aspects. 

    20. The SWF should not seek or take advantage of privileged information or inappropriate influence by the broader government in competing with private entities.

    The  Code of Conduct sets the principles of honesty, transparency and respect. Those principles are observed not just regarding privileged information that FSDEA could have, but the broader government. FSDEA does not seek to take advantage of its privileged position 

    21. SWFs view shareholder ownership rights as a fundamental element of their equity investments’ value. If an SWF chooses to exercise its ownership rights, it should do so in a manner that is consistent with its investment policy and protects the financial value of its investments. The SWF should publicly disclose its general approach to voting securities of listed entities, including the key factors guiding its exercise of ownership rights.

    Per Article 6 of Presidential Decree 214/19, “[t]he Fund intends to exercise of Rights in Subsidiaries. The representative / legal representative of the Fund shall, whenever the Fund holds a qualifying holding in an entity, attend meetings of that entity in order to safeguard the rights and interests of the Fund”

    22. The SWF should have a framework that identifies, assesses, and manages the risks of its operations.

    22.1. The risk management framework should include reliable information and timely reporting systems, which should enable the adequate monitoring and management of relevant risks within acceptable parameters and levels, control and incentive mechanisms, codes of conduct, business continuity planning, and an independent audit function.

    22.2. The general approach to the SWF’s risk management framework should be publicly disclosed.

    23. The assets and investment performance (absolute and relative to benchmarks, if any) of the SWF should be measured and reported to the owner according to clearly defined principles or standards.

    Article 7 of Presidential Decree No. 214/19:

    “1. The Board of Directors shall compile and submit a quarterly report to the Minister of Finance, which, after an opinion within 15 days, shall be forwarded to the President of the Republic.”

    As mentioned before, FSDEA accounts are audited by independent and reputable audit firms.

    24. A process of regular review of the implementation of the GAPP should be engaged in by or on behalf of the SWF.

    Align 3 of Article 7 of Presidential Decree 214/19:

    “3. The Fund undertakes to ensure the inclusion and implementation of the Santiago Principles on reporting and dissemination of information.”